Inspecting your Machine
If you have just purchased a sock machine, from a antique store,
garage sale, eBay, etc.
Congratulations on your new hobby. These machines are a
wonderful way to bring a old way of knitting back into the modern
Please note these photos below are all from my
customers machines, these photos show the condition of the machines
upon arrival. All machines require cleaning prior to use.
Much of the rust and dirt you will not be able to see on the
machines until you take the machine apart.
Be vary careful when taking these machines apart, if the screws
are rusted and you can not remove them, or the heads of the screws
are damaged STOP and do not force them. You may need to
take the machine to a shop and have someone remove these screws for
you. It may help if you take photos of the machine prior to
taking it apart so you can get all the parts back together, take
notes, lay the items out in order of removal, etc.
Click on all Photos to see larger images
|When you get your machine, unpack it
carefully, looking at each piece to see if there are any breaks,
chips or cracks in the parts.
You may want to open the machine
on your kitchen floor, garage, as there may be oil on the parts or worse a
oil bottle that has broken. Have newspaper or towels available
to place your parts on, as they will be dirty.
are 80 + years old and have been sitting for quite a few years not
||Lay all the parts out, and look
at each part.
||Check all the packing to see if there are
small parts in bags, or wrapped in paper. Look in the
bottom of the box to ensure you have all the smaller parts.
|Look over the machine and ensure there are
If your machine arrived assembled you
will want to take it apart and inspect the machine.
Turn the machine over and there will be 2
screws, unscrew these. Be careful when
you unscrew the screws as these 2 screws are all that is
holding the machine together. Hold onto
the machine and ensure nothing falls onto the floor.
Now you can take the cylinder out to inspect it.
|Inspect the Cam Shell
the dirt on the ridge that the needles ride along.
This will need to be cleaned.
Top photo is a Auto Knitter and lower photo is a Legare
||Inspect the Gear Ring
gear ring has alot of built up oil, grease, and dirt that
will need to be cleaned off.
|Look at the bed plate, and the
ring where the gear ring sits, this should also be free of
any dirt build up.
||This is a photo of a machine in very poor
condition it is not repairable.
Look closely at the cylinders, is there any cracking on the outsides
of the cylinders ? Do you see any chips, or missing metal
parts ? If the needles are still in the cylinder take
them out so you can inspect each slot.
Looking at each slot
around the cylinder, is there any dirt, lint build up, broken
needles lodged in the slot? Be sure you look at the entire
slot from the top all the way to the bottom the bottom
of the slots is where you will find the most build up of old oil,
grease, lint. Each slot should be clean, free from any debris.
||This is a photo of a cylinder in very
poor condition notice the many hairline, and large
cracks. It is not repairable.
|Inspect the ribber also, in this
photo you can see the rust buildup on the parts.
This would all need to be cleaned before using the
||Unscrew the screw on the ribber arm.
||Take the post out and then the tappet
plate and ribber dial can come off so you can inspect
|Look closely at the tappet plate, and
ensure there is not a build up of dirt and grease.
|Look very close at each slot on the
ribber dial. Each slot should be free from debris.
||Turn the ribber dial over and under
most dial will be numbers telling you how many slots it
has, the gauge of needles to use, and the size.
||This is a example of a ribber dial in
very poor condition this is also not repairable.
Needle condition Most needles that come on the
machines are not usable, it is highly recommended that you purchase
a new set of cylinder and if a ribber came with your machine also
get a set of ribber needles. New needles are being made and
can be purchased from
Cylinder spring The cylinder spring is
another item on the machine that in most cases should also be
Do all the cylinders fit inside the machine
? The cylinders depending on where the machine was stored over
the years can go out of round. If a cylinder is not round any
more it will not fit into the cam shell, or may not sit on the bed
plate. Check all your cylinders and ensure they all fit and
will turn easily in the cam shell.